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When the flow of blood to the heart is blocked, you suffer from a heart attack. The blockage is usually a build-up of fat, cholesterol, and other substance that gradually forms a plaque in your arteries which is responsible for feeding the heart.
There are times when a plaque also ruptures and forms a clot, blocking the flow of blood. The interrupted blood flows further damages a part of your heart muscle.
Several people around the globe suffer from heart attacks every year. You must know that heart attacks are also known as myocardial infractions which means the death of tissues because of lack of blood supply.
Such kind of tissue death also leads to long-lasting damage to your heart muscle.
Your heart muscle requires an even supply of oxygen-rich blood. The coronary arteries further offer your heart this blood supply. When suffering from coronary artery disease, those arteries become narrow and there is an improper blood flow.
When the blood supply is blocked, you start suffering from a heart attack. Some of the common causes of a heart attack include:
Coronary heart disease is the main cause of heart attacks.
It is a condition in which the coronary arteries get blocked with deposits of cholesterol.
Using stimulants like cocaine, amphetamines, and methamphetamines causes coronary arteries to narrow. As a result, blood supply is restricted and you experience a heart attack.
When levels of oxygen in the blood decrease because of carbon monoxide poisoning, the heart starts receiving unoxygenated blood. As a result, heart muscles get damaged and a heart attack is triggered.
With time, high blood pressure can damage arteries that lead to your heart. High blood pressure that occurs with other conditions like diabetes, obesity, or cholesterol often increases your risk of a heart attack.
Your blood vessels have a muscle lining that permits them to become wider as required. These muscles when twitch or spasm cut off the blood flow to your heart muscle.
As a result, you experience a heart attack because of improper blood flow.
When your blood has too much or too little of key minerals such as potassium then it can cause a heart attack.
Not producing enough of a hormone secreted by the pancreas or not responding to insulin properly can increase blood sugar levels. This further increases your risk of suffering from a heart attack.
Your body might respond to stress in a way that increases the risk of suffering from a heart attack.
With time, an eating disorder can damage your heart and finally result in a heart attack.
When you suffer from a condition like rheumatoid arthritis or lupus, the chances of suffering from a heart attack are increased.
Apart from these causes, smoking, stress, and a sedentary lifestyle are some other major causes of a heart attack.
Some of the main symptoms of a heart attack include:
It is never too late to take steps in order to prevent a heart attack. Here are some easy ways to prevent a heart attack:
Taking medicine under the supervision of your doctor can decrease the risk of heart attack and improve your heart function.
It is important to follow your doctor’s direction and take the heart medicines as recommended.
In order to prevent heart attack, you need to make little lifestyle changes.
It is vital to maintain a healthy weight, exercises regularly, quit smoking, and manage stress.
You also need to manage high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol to prevent heart attack.
Fill your plate with different kinds of vegetables and fruits. Also include whole grains like oatmeal, quinoa, and brown rice.
Therefore, if you experience any symptoms of a heart attack then contact the doctor immediately.