Guide About High and Low Testosterone Level in Men

Guide About High and Low Testosterone Level in Men

Testosterone is the major sex hormone in men that is responsible for the development of several physical characteristics.

Some of the physical characteristics where testosterone plays a vital role include hair growth, deep voice, bone density, and so on.

Remember testosterone is part of a hormone class, androgens which are produced by testicles after arousal from the pituitary gland. 

You need to know that the pituitary gland is located near the base of your brain, sending the signal to the male’s testicles.

This further helps men to attain feelings of sexual desire from time to time.

Being a man as you grow old, the level of testosterone in your body also starts decreasing slowly.

As a result, this starts causing numerous changes in your body like decreased sexual drive.

Although lower testosterone levels can be concerning it is also a natural part of aging. 

Normal amounts of testosterone are often considered important for health.

High testosterone levels in men often lead to serious health issues like certain types of cancer and infertility.

Signs of high testosterone levels

When it comes to normal testosterone levels in men, they range between 300 to 1,000 nanograms per decilitre.

Almost 40% of men above the age of 45 years have levels that come below this range.

In case, the levels are higher, it is considered as high or abnormal testosterone levels.

Men suffering from high testosterone levels usually suffer from:

  • Headache
  • Acne
  • Excessive body hair
  • Increased appetite
  • Aggressive or risk-taking behavior
  • Heart or liver problems
  • High sexual drive (libido)
  • Infertility
  • High blood pressure
  • Mood swings
  • Unexplained weight gain
  • Insomnia
  • Low sperm count
  • Swelling of the legs and feet

The prostate enlargement makes it difficult for you to pass urine

Cause of high testosterone levels in men

You must know that it is uncommon for high baseline testosterone levels in a man to take place naturally.

Males often suffer from high testosterone levels due to the consumption of anabolic steroids.

Athletes as well as bodybuilders usually consume these drugs in order to enhance their performance and build muscle mass.

Supplementation with testosterone or the use of drugs without consulting the doctor can also lead to high testosterone levels.

Signs and symptoms of low testosterone levels

A testosterone test is conducted in order to measure the level of hormones in the blood.

There are some men who are already born with conditions that lead to low testosterone levels.

Even if you have an illness that causes damage to your testicles, you can suffer from lower testosterone levels.

The testosterone levels might also drop if you grow older.

Low testosterone levels can also contribute to changes in sexual function including:

However, some other signs of low testosterone levels are:

  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Changes in sleep patterns
  • Lack of motivation
  • Fatigue
  • Decreased muscle bulk and strength
  • Depression
  • Decreased bone density
  • Large breasts in men

In case, you experience these symptoms of low testosterone levels then meet your doctor and immediately get a test done. 

Duration of low testosterone

During and after treatment, it is important for you to check routinely in order to make sure that the levels stay normal.

In case, you are responding properly to testosterone treatment, then levels should be checked after every 6 to 12 months.

Depending upon your doctor’s recommendation, the check-up needs to be done.

What is the normal or average testosterone level in men?

Typically, the normal range in males is contemplated 270-1070 ng/dL with an average level of 679 ng/dL.

You need to know that a normal male testosterone level starts increasing from age of 20 and then it starts declining.

Testosterone levels above or below the normal range is often considered by doctors to be out of balance.

However, doctors believe that testosterone levels for healthy men range between 400-600 ng/dL.

How to manage the symptoms?

The combination of generic medications and lifestyle changes helps in managing the symptoms of high testosterone.

Weight management

It is necessary for you to attain and maintain a moderate body weight in order to help hormonal balance.

Maintaining an ideal weight according to your height will assist in improving symptoms and decreasing testosterone levels.

Dietary changes

To reduce high testosterone levels, low starch and a low dairy diet are necessary.

Limit alcohol consumption

Intake of alcohol might convert testosterone to estrogen, making you suffer from high testosterone levels. 

Eat healthy fats

In order to maintain normal testosterone levels, it is vital to add fats to your diet.

Healthy fats are often found in olive oil, nuts as well as avocado.

Therefore, to save yourself from severe testosterone conditions, it is better to consult a doctor beforehand.